“On Monday, May 14, Israelis and Americans celebrated the opening of a new US Embassy in Jerusalem.
“The festive event had a guest list that was 800 people long and included a televised speech by President Donald Trump. ‘The United States will always be a great friend of Israel and a partner in the cause of freedom and peace,’ he said. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu also gave a speech, declaring that it was a ‘great day.’
“At the same time, 60 miles away, Israeli soldiers were firing on Palestinian protesters at the Gaza border. They’ve so far killed more than 50 people and wounded thousands of others. Many of the protesters were unarmed, though some hurled rocks and Molotov cocktails. The Israeli military also said they shot dead three protesters who were attempting to detonate a bomb.” -Vox/ Kainaz Amaria & Alexia Underwood (5/14)
History of Israel and Palestine (post WWll):
1947: United Nations adopts Resolution 181 partitioning the British Mandate of Palestine into two states: Israel and Palestine (which includes the West Bank and the Gaza Strip).
1948: Israel becomes a state. Jewish, Palestinian, and Arab groups begin fighting. The war escalates when Arab forces -- Saudi Arabian, Egyptian, Jordanian, Lebanese, Yemenese, Syrian -- including the Arab Legion, invade.
The war ends in 1949. As a result of the conflict, the Two State Solution does not take place, a flight of Palestinian refugees begins, Israel becomes larger, Egypt controls the Gaza Strip, and (Trans)Jordan the West Bank.
1956: Israel, France, and Britain invade Egypt’s western Suez Canal area and the Sinai, after President Nasser of Egypt nationalizes the Suez Canal. The joint forces withdraw by 1957.
1967: Israel launches preemptive airstrikes against Egypt. Egypt, Syria, Jordan, and Iraq retaliate. The Six-Day War results in Israel’s capture of the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights. Israel still occupies 2/3rds of the Golan Heights, controls the West Bank with the Palestinian Authority.
1973 Yom Kippur War: On Yom Kippur, a Jewish religious holiday, Egypt and Syria invade Israel. After suffering losses, Israel counterattacks, repulses Egyptian and Syrian troops, and recaptures the Golan Heights. The war lasts nineteen days.
With President Jimmy Carter in 1978: Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin sign the Camp David Peace Accords. Egypt recognizes Israel’s right to exist. Sadat and Begin win the Nobel Peace Prize. President Sadat is assassinated as a result of his participation in the accords.
In 1993, the Oslo Peace Accords are signed by the Palestinian Authority and Israel. A two-state solution is still recognized as a viable goal. The Palestinian Authority recognizes Israel’s right to exist.
Approximately 91,105 Arabs and 24,969 Israelis (2016 statistics) have been killed in the Arab-Israeli conflict since 1920, or beginning with the end of Ottoman Empire’s control of the Palestine region and the League of Nations’ (British) Mandate.
In the Mideast: Turkey, Egypt, and Jordan recognize Israel’s right to exist.
Please see Carbuncle Moon post: 6/21/16
In securing a sovereign and inviolate Israel and Palestine:
The Armeggeddon-puzzle of solving war should include the parents of children with no future --
Sources: Wikipedia, historynet, Office of the Historian, Britannica.com, the history learning site, history.com, cnn.com, BBC, Jewish Virtual Library, Google, Speech by President Gamal Abdel Nasser
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Magen David Adom in Israel: 60 Yigal Alon Street/ Tel Aviv 67062/ Israel/ 972 3 6301461/2
Kevin O'Kendley is the owner of Carbuncle Moon, and the author of all original material on the website (there has been a very limited editorial input in some of my work). Quoted sources are noted. I am responsible for all posts.
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